Author(s): Enriquez FJ, Taren D, CruzLpez A, Muramoto M, Palting JD,
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Abstract Infections with Encephalitozoon (phylum Microspora) protozoa in immunodeficient patients have emerged worldwide. The prevalence of infections due to Encephalitozoon species in nonclinical populations remains unclear. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of two rural highland villages in Mexico by using monoclonal antibody 3B6 to Encephalitozoon in immunofluorescence to assess the prevalence of Encephalitozoon spores in human stools. We found that 20 (7.84\%) of the 255 subjects were positive and that 15 (21.4\%) of the 70 households had at least one member who was positive. These results suggest that Encephalitozoon species, most likely Encephalitozoon intestinalis, may be commonly present in community settings.
This article was published in Clin Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology