Author(s): Mohandas, Sehgal R, Sud A, Malla N
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Abstract To assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive subjects, fecal samples were collected from 120 HIV-seropositive patients and were analyzed for various intestinal parasites. Thirty-six patients (30\%) were found to harbor an intestinal parasite. Cryptosporidium parvum was the most common (10.8\%), followed by Giardia lamblia (8.3\%). Cyclospora cayetanensis and Blastocystis hominis each were detected in 3.3\% of the patients, while Isospora belli and Enterocytozoon bieneusi were each detected in 2.5\% of the patients. The other parasites observed were Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar in two cases and hookworm ova in one patient. Of the 36 patients who tested positive for intestinal parasites, 27 (75\%) had diarrhea. The most common parasite, which was associated with diarrhea, was C. parvum. The present study highlights the importance of testing for intestinal parasites in patients who are HIV-positive, and emphasizes the necessity of increasing awareness among clinicians regarding the occurrence of these parasites in this population.
This article was published in Jpn J Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals