alexa Prevalence of iron deficiency in the United States.


Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Looker AC, Dallman PR, Carroll MD, Gunter EW, Johnson CL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in the US population. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional health examination survey that included venous blood measurements of iron status. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Iron deficiency, defined as having an abnormal value for at least 2 of 3 laboratory tests of iron status (erythrocyte protoporphyrin, transferrin saturation, or serum ferritin); and iron deficiency anemia, defined as iron deficiency plus low hemoglobin. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24,894 persons aged 1 year and older examined in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994). RESULTS: Nine percent of toddlers aged 1 to 2 years and 9\% to 11\% of adolescent girls and women of childbearing age were iron deficient; of these, iron deficiency anemia was found in 3\% and 2\% to 5\%, respectively. These prevalences correspond to approximately 700,000 toddlers and 7.8 million women with iron deficiency; of these, approximately 240,000 toddlers and 3.3 million women have iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency occurred in no more than 7\% of older children or those older than 50 years, and in no more than 1\% of teenage boys and young men. Among women of childbearing age, iron deficiency was more likely in those who are minority, low income, and multiparous. CONCLUSION: Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are still relatively common in toddlers, adolescent girls, and women of childbearing age.
This article was published in JAMA and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version