Author(s): Ugwuja EI, Ugwu NC, Ejikeme BN
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Abstract In order to provide an insight to the prevalence of low sperm count and abnormal semen parameters in suspected subfertile/infertile men in our environment, semen samples collected from one hundred and seventy (170) men aged 21-50 years, whose wives were seen at a private fertility clinic in Abakaliki, Nigeria with diagnosis of primary and secondary infertility (78 and 92 respectively) were analysed in accordance with World Health Organization guidelines. Significantly high proportion (70\%) of the study population had low sperm count (p < 0.05) with significantly high defective parameters (64\%). Asthenozoospermia and teratozoospermia were the major abnormal parameters recorded. Higher prevalence of oligospermia was found in the civil servants and age-group 31-40 years (74\% and 75\% respectively). Using 10(5) cfu/ml as a significant level of bacteria growth, the prevalence of bacteria growth was found to be 56\% of which 18\% were from normospermic semen d 38\% from oligospermic semen.
This article was published in Afr J Reprod Health
and referenced in Andrology-Open Access