alexa Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms and risk factors for carriage in long-term care facilities: a nested case–control study
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis

Author(s): Lim CJ, Cheng AC, Kennon J, Spelman D, Hale D

Abstract Share this page

Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a potentially important reservoir of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms; however, limited data exist. METHODS: A point-prevalence study was conducted in four co-located LTCFs in Australia. Nasal and rectal swabs were cultured for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and MDR Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). Molecular typing and resistance detection were performed. Risk factors for colonization with an MDR organism were determined using a nested case-control study. RESULTS: Consent was obtained from 115 (85%) of 136 eligible participants. Forty-one (36%) residents carried at least one type of MDR organism. The prevalence was 16% MRSA (n = 18), 6% VRE (n = 7) and 21% MDR GNB [n = 24; including extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (n = 12) and Acinetobacter baumannii (n = 6)]. The majority of ESBL-producing E. coli and A. baumannii were clonal. Current wound management [adjusted OR (AOR) 8.81 (95% CI 2.78-27.94), P < 0.001], medical device in situ [AOR 5.58 (95% CI 1.34-23.32), P = 0.018] and pressure ulcer [AOR 3.69 (95% CI 1.06-12.86), P = 0.04] were independent risk factors for MDR organism colonization. Advanced dementia [AOR 3.54 (95% CI 1.23-10.23), P = 0.02] and prolonged antibiotic use [AOR 2.95 (95% CI 1.01-8.60), P = 0.047] were independently associated with MRSA colonization, whilst current wound management [AOR 15.59 (95% CI 4.85-50.10), P < 0.001] and fluoroquinolone use [AOR 4.27 (95% CI 1.20-15.25), P = 0.025] were risk factors for MDR GNB colonization. CONCLUSIONS: LTCFs are an important reservoir of MDR organisms, with person-to-person transmissions being a potential issue. We have identified several predictors of colonization with MDR organisms, allowing a more targeted management of high-risk residents. This article was published in J Antimicrob Chemother. and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version