Author(s): Turk Z, Vauhnik R, MicetiTurk D
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Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of the nonspecific low back pain (LBP) in a population of schoolchildren in Maribor, north-eastern Slovenia. 100 children from an elementary school (age 11-15 y) and 90 children from a secondary school (age 17-18 y) were included in the study and investigated with a structured Watson questionnaire to assess low back pain prevalence, symptom characteristics, psychosocial factors, demographic, and anthropometric items. The data was statistically analysed using the SPSS software. 43\% of children from elementary schools and 44\% of children from secondary schools experienced back pain which lasted more than one day. No correlations between LBP and anthropometric items were found. Schoolchildren spend approximately 2 hours for learning, 2-3 hours for watching TV and approximately 2 hours for playing or working with the computer. Among important reasons for LBP, 44\% of children mentioned carrying a school bag, 28\% sitting on school chairs, and 18\% intensive sport activity. Clinical examination of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine has shown that 12\% of primary children and 12\% of secondary children have increased cervical lordosis and 15\% of primary schoolchildren have increased lumbar lordosis. In 5\% of schoolchildren we found mild spinal scoliotic changes. Among our schoolchildren sedentary behaviour and low physical activity dominate. LBP may have an impact on their daily life, therefore it is important to recognise and treat it as soon as possible.
This article was published in Coll Antropol
and referenced in Journal of Spine