alexa Prevalence of nosocomial infections in Italy: result from the Lombardy survey in 2000.
Medicine

Medicine

Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Lizioli A, Privitera G, Alliata E, Antonietta Banfi EM, Boselli L,

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Abstract A one-day survey was carried out in 88 out of 113 public hospitals in Lombardy to obtain prevalence rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) by hospital departments and to identify the pathogens more frequently involved. In total 18667 patients were surveyed, representing 72\% of the average daily total of occupied beds in public hospitals in Lombardy. The overall prevalence of HAI was 4.9\%. The highest prevalence was observed in intensive care units and in spinal units. The prevalence of bloodstream infections was 0.6\%; pneumonia 1.1\%; urinary tract infections 1.6\% and gastrointestinal infections 0.4\%. In surgical patients the prevalence of surgical site infections was 2.7\%. The most frequently isolated pathogen from all sites of infections was Escherichia coli (16.8\%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (15.0\%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.2\%) and Candida spp. (8.7\%). Methicillin-resistant S. aureus accounted for 23\% of all isolated S. aureus. The results provide baseline data for rational priorities in allocation of resources, for further studies and for infection control activities.
This article was published in J Hosp Infect and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access

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