Author(s): KozariKovaci D, Borovecki A
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: We explored the prevalence of comorbidity of psychotic symptoms among Croatian war veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the psychotic features among these patients, as well as the association between psychotic symptoms and personality disorders. METHODS: The study included 680 men who had experienced combat stress and had diagnoses of PTSD confirmed before examination. They were compared with a group of 289 soldiers with combat experience under regular medical examination, who were still in active military service. The groups were matched in duration of combat experience, time elapsed between combat experience and the study, age, marital status, and education. Statistical analyses were performed using the t test and chi2 test. RESULTS: The study showed that 15\% of war veterans had current chronic PTSD and 45\% had PTSD with one or more comorbid diagnoses. Psychotic disorders with PTSD were confirmed for 17\% of those patients and major depressive disorder with psychotic features for 15\%. Depression and psychotic symptoms were more often found among patients without personality disorders. Also, we found that 9\% of the war veterans who were still in active military service had some psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Many patients demonstrated psychotic symptoms different from flashbacks and dissociative symptoms. Those psychotic symptoms are an integral part of PTSD and have a symbolic relation to the trauma.
This article was published in Mil Med
and referenced in Journal of Depression and Anxiety