Author(s): Orrett FA
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Abstract The serogroup distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Shigella isolates obtained from stool specimens of persons with acute diarrhoea in community-based studies from southern Trinidad during 1997-2006 were reviewed. Of the 5,187 stool specimens, 392 (8\%) were positive for Shigella organisms. From these 392 isolates, 88.8\% were recovered from children aged >0-10 year(s). Shigella sonnei was the most frequently-isolated serogroup (75\%), followed by S. flexneri (19\%), S. boydii (4.1\%), and S. dysenteriae (1.8\%). S. flexneri was the major isolate among the >20-30 years age-group. The most common drug resistance among all age-groups was to ampicillin. All strains of S. flexneri, S. boydii, and S. dysenteriae were fully susceptible to aztreonam, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin. S. sonnei, the most common species isolated, showed resistance to all antibiotics tested. The data showed that, throughout the study period, the resistance to commonly-used drugs was relatively low. Since resistance to several drugs seems to be emerging, continuous monitoring of resistance patterns is mandatory for the appropriate selection of empiric antimicrobial drugs in the therapy of suspected cases of shigellosis.
This article was published in J Health Popul Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology