Author(s): Bejiga A, Alemayehu W
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Abstract AIM: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of trachoma in Dalocha District, Central Ethiopia. METHODS: A multistage sampling method was used to identify the peasant associations and households included in the study. The WHO clinical grading method for trachoma was used. RESULTS: Of the 619 sampled persons, 302 (48.8\%) males and 317 (51.2\%) females, 564 people were available for examination, yielding a response rate of 91.1\%. More than half (51.1\%) of the children aged 10 years or less had active trachoma (trachomatous inflammation, TI, in 16.5\% and trachomatous follicles, TF, in 34.6\%). On the other hand, active trachoma and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) were each found in 5.5\% of individuals older than 10 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: According to the WHO, the findings of TI and TF in more than 5\% and 20\%, respectively, of children aged 10 years or less and TT in more than 1\% of older individuals indicate that trachoma is a major public health problem in Dalocha community.
This article was published in Ophthalmic Epidemiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology