alexa Prevalence, risk factors and treatment for substance abuse in older adults.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Christensen H, Low LF, Anstey KJ

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Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper briefly outlines new research on the epidemiology of alcohol and drug use in the older population, describes mental and cognitive consequences of substance use and summarizes recent treatment trials for alcohol dependence. RECENT FINDINGS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies indicate that alcohol use is less prevalent in older groups, and it decreases over time. Comorbidity (alcohol and other drugs, alcohol with mental health disorders) is high. An inverse-U-shaped curve describes the association between alcohol consumption and cognitive impairment with increased impairment for abstainers and high users as compared with moderate users. Trials of alcohol use in the older population are rare, but they suggest that brief patient education may reduce drinking levels in primary care populations, and that, for some users, integrated primary care may be more useful than referral to specialist care. SUMMARY: The basis for higher risk in abstainers is not resolved. More randomized controlled trials are needed, which target alcohol use and dependence and also focus on comorbid disorders. This article was published in Curr Opin Psychiatry and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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