Author(s): Cho SD, Kim JH, Kim DY, Lee YS, Kang KS
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Abstract To develop and pre-validate an enhanced protocol for OECD Test Guideline 407, we performed a 28-day repeated-dose toxicity study using the administration of propylthiouracil (PTU) and tamoxifen (TAM) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Six male and female SD rats were treated orally with PTU in corn oil at the dose of 0, 0.1, 1, or 10 mg/kg per day and TAM at dose of 0, 5, 30 or 200 microg/kg per day for 4 weeks. In the study using PTU, the body weights were reduced from the third week of the study in 10 mg/kg per day group. In clinical biochemistry, the levels of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4, 3,5,3',5'-tetraiodothyrosine) were also significantly decreased in 10 mg/kg per day group. Also, thyroid glands in 10 mg/kg per day group were bigger than those in the control group. In the histopathological examination, diffuse hyperplasia and hypertrophy of thyroid follicular cells were observed in all treatment groups, leading to the reduction of lumen size and papillary enfolding of lining epithelium. In the study using TAM, the body weights were reduced from the first week of the study in 200 microg/kg per day group. Relative testes and epididymes weights were increased and relative right ovary and uterus weights were reduced in 200 microg/kg per day group. Also, in the histopathological finding severe endometrial squamous metaplasia and endometrial gland atrophy and severe follicular cystic change were observed in TAM 200 microg/kg per day-treated group. On the basis of the results, the thyroid hormone levels, gross findings, and histopathological findings may be useful parameters for the detection of the endocrine-related effect of PTU and also reproductive organ weight and histopathological findings may be good parameters to detect the effect of TAM. Therefore, it is concluded that enhanced OECD TG407 might be useful for screening and detecting endocrine disrupters.
This article was published in Toxicol Lett
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology