alexa Pre-validation study for OECD enhanced test guideline 407 protocol by gavage for 4 weeks using propylthiouracil and tamoxifen.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Cho SD, Kim JH, Kim DY, Lee YS, Kang KS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To develop and pre-validate an enhanced protocol for OECD Test Guideline 407, we performed a 28-day repeated-dose toxicity study using the administration of propylthiouracil (PTU) and tamoxifen (TAM) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Six male and female SD rats were treated orally with PTU in corn oil at the dose of 0, 0.1, 1, or 10 mg/kg per day and TAM at dose of 0, 5, 30 or 200 microg/kg per day for 4 weeks. In the study using PTU, the body weights were reduced from the third week of the study in 10 mg/kg per day group. In clinical biochemistry, the levels of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4, 3,5,3',5'-tetraiodothyrosine) were also significantly decreased in 10 mg/kg per day group. Also, thyroid glands in 10 mg/kg per day group were bigger than those in the control group. In the histopathological examination, diffuse hyperplasia and hypertrophy of thyroid follicular cells were observed in all treatment groups, leading to the reduction of lumen size and papillary enfolding of lining epithelium. In the study using TAM, the body weights were reduced from the first week of the study in 200 microg/kg per day group. Relative testes and epididymes weights were increased and relative right ovary and uterus weights were reduced in 200 microg/kg per day group. Also, in the histopathological finding severe endometrial squamous metaplasia and endometrial gland atrophy and severe follicular cystic change were observed in TAM 200 microg/kg per day-treated group. On the basis of the results, the thyroid hormone levels, gross findings, and histopathological findings may be useful parameters for the detection of the endocrine-related effect of PTU and also reproductive organ weight and histopathological findings may be good parameters to detect the effect of TAM. Therefore, it is concluded that enhanced OECD TG407 might be useful for screening and detecting endocrine disrupters.
This article was published in Toxicol Lett and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • R Gandhi Gracy
    DO Insect - Bacterial Symbiosis contributing insecticidal resistance: An evidence from Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

soci[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords