alexa Prevention and reversal of defective axonal transport and motor nerve conduction velocity in rats with experimental diabetes by treatment with the aldose reductase inhibitor Sorbinil.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Tomlinson DR, Moriarty RJ, Mayer JH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This investigation was designed to determine whether the aldose reductase inhibitor Sorbinil prevented the development of or reversed defects of nerve conduction and axonal transport in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Untreated diabetes of either 3 or 6 wk duration caused a fall in sciatic motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of 6-9 m/s (P less than 0.001) and significantly reduced the accumulation of axonally transported choline acetyltransferase activity against a 24-h sciatic nerve crush. These functional defects were associated with accumulation of sorbitol and depletion of myo-inositol in the sciatic nerve. Treatment with Sorbinil (25 mg/kg/day, p.o.) throughout the period of diabetes prevented the development of all these abnormalities in both 3- and 6-wk diabetic groups. In a second study, three groups of rats were subject to 3 wk untreated diabetes followed by Sorbinil treatment (as above) for 1, 2, or 3 wk to determine whether the abnormalities expected from 3 wk of untreated diabetes could be reversed. One week of treatment significantly elevated both MNCV and choline acetyltransferase accumulation (P less than 0.05). The longer treatments progressively ameliorated these defects such that the group that received Sorbinil for the second 3 wk of a 6-wk diabetic period gave values that were similar to controls and to diabetic rats that had been given Sorbinil throughout their diabetes. Sorbitol accumulation was markedly reduced by only 1 wk of Sorbinil treatment, but the normalization of myo-inositol levels required 2 wk of treatment. These findings indicate that Sorbinil treatment in diabetic rats prevented and reversed both Sorbitol accumulation and depletion of nerve myo-inositol in the sciatic nerve.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version