alexa Prevention of hospital-associated pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Kollef MH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the available clinical data for the prevention of hospital-associated pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) into a practical guideline for clinicians. DATA SOURCE: A Medline database and references from identified articles were used to perform a literature search relating to the prevention of HAP/VAP. CONCLUSIONS: There is convincing evidence to suggest that specific interventions can be employed to prevent HAP/VAP. The evidence-based interventions focus on the prevention of aerodigestive tract colonization (avoidance of unnecessary antibiotics and stress ulcer prophylaxis, use of sucralfate for stress ulcer prophylaxis, chlorhexidine oral rinse, selective digestive decontamination, short-course parenteral prophylactic antibiotics in high-risk patients) and the prevention of aspiration of contaminated secretions (preferred oral intubation, appropriate intensive care unit staffing, avoidance of tracheal intubation with the use of mask ventilation, application of weaning protocols and optimal use of sedation to shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation, semirecumbent positioning, minimization of gastric distension, subglottic suctioning, avoidance of ventilator circuit changes/manipulation, routine drainage of ventilator circuit condensate). Clinicians caring for patients at risk for HAP/VAP should promote the development and application of local programs encompassing these interventions based on local resource availability, occurrence rates of HAP/VAP, and the prevalence of infection due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter species, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).
This article was published in Crit Care Med and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords