Author(s): Nishigaki M, Kobayashi K, Kato N, Seki N, Yokomura T,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients' advice-giving behaviour could be a useful preventive strategy for type 2 diabetes. AIM: To investigate the conditions under which patients offer advice to their offspring and to assess the factors that facilitate advice giving. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: A general hospital with a diabetes clinic in a metropolitan suburb in Japan. METHOD: Parents with type 2 diabetes (n = 221) who had offspring aged 20-49 years inclusive without diabetes completed a self-administered questionnaire containing items relating to advice-giving behaviour, demographic characteristics, risk perception, and their disease status. RESULTS: A total of 184 (83.3\%) patients responded that parental advice-giving behaviour is needed for their offspring, while 138 (62.4\%) actually advised their offspring. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients who were female (odds ratio [OR] = 1.94, 95\% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03 to 3.65, P = 0.041), living with their offspring (OR =1.92, 95\% CI = 1.04 to 3.57, P = 0.038), had complications (OR = 2.74, 95\% CI = 1.25 to 6.00, P = 0.029), or perceived that their offspring had a high risk of developing diabetes (OR =1.45, 95\% CI = 1.09 to 1.93, P = 0.011) were most likely to advise their offspring. CONCLUSION: Patients with type 2 diabetes recognised the need to give advice about preventive behaviour to their offspring but were not necessarily engaging in advice-giving behaviour. Advice-giving behaviour was affected by the parents' own disease status, their perception of their offspring's risk of developing diabetes, and the relationship between the patients and their offspring.
This article was published in Br J Gen Pract
and referenced in Oral Health Case Reports