Author(s): Ford DR
AIMS: A retrospective review of patients with histologically confirmed primary bone lymphoma (PBL) diagnosed and treated at a single tertiary referral centre between 1985 and 2003. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients treated for histologically primary bone lymphoma were identified using the hospital data base. Data was obtained on patient demographics, stage, treatment and outcome. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with PBL were identified. Seventeen had localised disease and five had multifocal bone involvement. The median age was 50 years. Of the patients who could be graded according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI), 12 cases were classified as low risk, seven as intermediate risk and one as high risk. All patients received chemotherapy; 19 with an anthracycline-containing regimen. Eighteen patients were treated with radiotherapy to a median total dose of 40 Gy (range 30-50 Gy). Three patients had surgery instead of radiotherapy as local treatment (one fibulectomy and two endoprosthetic replacements). The median follow-up was 84.5 months (range 3-206 months). The overall 10-year survival was 74%; 92% for low-risk IPI vs 73% for intermediate-risk IPI (P = 0.27). The 10-year relapse-free survival was 85% overall and 83% for both low- and intermediate-risk IPI (P = 0.87). Local relapse was seen in one patient. Orthopaedic complications occurred in two patients--one developed a pathological fracture after biopsy before radiotherapy and the other developed avascular necrosis outside the irradiated area. CONCLUSIONS: Combined modality treatment for PBL results in good local control and survival rates with acceptable toxicity.