Author(s): Koch P, del Valle F, Berdel WE, Willich NA, Reers B,
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Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to obtain data on anatomic and histologic distribution, clinical features, and treatment results of patients with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, particularly combined surgical and conservative treatment (CSCT) versus conservative treatment (CT) alone for primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) in localized stages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Whether the treatment included surgery was left to the discretion of each participating center. Radiotherapy (Rx) and chemotherapy were stratified according to histologic grading, stage, and the inclusion or omission of surgery as follows: patients with low-grade PGL were treated with extended-field (EF) Rx (30 Gy). In case of residual tumor after surgery or in case of CT only (in stage IIE after six cycles of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone), an additional boost of 10 Gy was given. All patients with high-grade PGL were treated with four (stage IE) or six (stage IIE) cycles of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone followed by EF Rx (stage IE) or involved-field (IF) Rx (stage IIE). Rx dosage corresponded to low-grade NHL. RESULTS: Between October 1992 and November 1996, 106 patients had CT only. The survival rate (SR) after 5 years was 84.4\% and was influenced neither by patients' characteristics nor by stage or histologic grade. Seventy-nine patients had CSCT. Their SR was 82.0\%. Complete resection of the tumor (R0) was prognostic for the overall survival (P =.0165) as compared with incomplete resection. CONCLUSION: Although the study was not randomized, a stomach-conserving approach may be favored.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol
and referenced in General Medicine: Open Access