Author(s): Hori K, Matsubara K, Miyazawa K
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Abstract As the first examples among marine algal hemagglutinins, the primary structures of two hemagglutinins, named hypnin A-1 and A-2, from the red alga Hypnea japonica, were determined by Edman degradation. Both hemagglutinins were single-chain polypeptides composed of 90 amino acid residues including four half-cystines, all of which were involved in two intrachain disulfide bonds, Cys(5)-Cys(62) and Cys(12)-Cys(89). Hypnin A-1 and A-2 had calculated molecular masses of 9146.7 and 9109.7 Da which coincided with determined values, 9148 and 9109 Da, by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, respectively. Both hemagglutinins only differed from each other at three positions; Pro(19), Arg(31) and Phe(52) of hypnin A-1 as compared with Leu(19), Ser(31), and Tyr(52) of hypnin A-2. Approximately 43\% of total residual numbers consisted of three kinds of amino acids: serine, glycine and proline. The hemagglutination activities were lost by reduction and alkylation of the disulfide bonds. The nature of the small-sized polypeptides, including disulfide bonds, may contribute to the extreme thermostability of the hemagglutinins. Sequence having overall similarity to hypnin A-1 or A-2 was not detected in databases. Unexpectedly, however, hypnins contained a motif similar to the alignment of the C-terminal conserved amino acids within carbohydrate-recognition domains of C-type animal lectins. Furthermore, interestingly, the hemagglutination activities were inhibited by a protein, phospholipase A-2 besides some glycoproteins, suggesting that hypnins may possess both a protein-recognition site(s) and a carbohydrate-recognition site(s).
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine