alexa Pro-angiogenesis action of thyroid hormone and analogs in a three-dimensional in vitro microvascular endothelial sprouting model.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Mousa SA, Davis FB, Mohamed S, Davis PJ, Feng X

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIM: Our laboratory has recently demonstrated the pro-angiogenesis effects of thyroid hormone in the chick chorioallantoic membrane model. METHODS: Generation of new blood vessels from existing vessels was promoted two- to three-fold by either L-thyroxine (T4) or 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) at total hormone concentrations of T7-T9 M. RESULTS: T4-agarose, a formulation of thyroid hormone that does not cross the cell membrane, produced a potent pro-angiogenesis effect comparable to that obtained with T3 or T4. In the present investigation, T3, T4, T4-agarose, and basic fibroblast growth factor, each added to vascular endothelial growth factor, produced comparable pro-angiogenesis effects in the in vitro three-dimensional human microvascular endothelial sprouting model. The pro-angiogenesis effect of the thyroid hormone analogs was blocked by PD 98059, an inhibitor of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK; ERK1/2) signal transduction cascade. A specific avb3 integrin antagonist (XT199) also inhibited the pro-angiogenesis effect of either thyroid hormone analogs or T4-agarose. Tetrac, a thyroid hormone analog that blocks cell surface-initiated actions of T4 and T3, inhibited the pro-angiogenesis response of thyroid hormone. CONCLUSIONS: T4, T3, and T4-agarose are pro-angiogenic in the three-dimensional human microvascular endothelial sprouting model, an action that is initiated at the plasma membrane, involves avb3 integrin receptors, and is MAPK-dependent.
This article was published in Int Angiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords