Author(s): Kamer I, Sarig R, Zaltsman Y, Niv H, Oberkovitz G,
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Abstract The "BH3-only" proapoptotic BCL-2 family members are sentinels of intracellular damage. Here, we demonstrated that the BH3-only BID protein partially localizes to the nucleus in healthy cells, is important for apoptosis induced by DNA damage, and is phosphorylated following induction of double-strand breaks in DNA. We also found that BID phosphorylation is mediated by the ATM kinase and occurs in mouse BID on two ATM consensus sites. Interestingly, BID-/- cells failed to accumulate in the S phase of the cell cycle following treatment with the topoisomerase II poison etoposide; reintroducing wild-type BID restored accumulation. In contrast, introducing a nonphosphorylatable BID mutant did not restore accumulation in the S phase and resulted in an increase in cellular sensitivity to etoposide-induced apoptosis. These results implicate BID as an ATM effector and raise the possibility that proapoptotic BID may also play a prosurvival role important for S phase arrest.
This article was published in Cell
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry