Author(s): Biplab Bandyopadhyay, Narayan C Mandal
Todays consumers are increasingly interested and conscious about their health and the food that they eat need to be healthy or even capable of preventing illness. Studies reveal that the gut health in general is a key sector for maintaining the overall health of people, whose microbiota plays a key role in metabolism and nutrient absorption. Therefore an optimum balance between the host gut and its microbiota is needed. Since their introduction probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics have attracted much attention for their capacity in health improvement simply by maintaining the gut health. A good number of scientific laboratories now a days are in search for different prebiotics, as well as effective synbiotics preparations (i.e. combination of probiotics and prebiotics) to maintain the beneficial microbiota of the human gastrointestinal tract.