Author(s): Fitzpatrick SL, Schumann KP, HillBriggs F
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Abstract AIMS: Problem solving is deemed a core skill for patient diabetes self-management education. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine the published literature on the effect of problem-solving interventions on diabetes self-management and disease control. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and PsychINFO electronic databases for English language articles published between November 2006 and September 2012. Reference lists from included studies were reviewed to capture additional studies. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting problem-solving intervention or problem solving as an intervention component for diabetes self-management training and disease control were included. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria. DATA EXTRACTION: Study design, sample characteristics, measures, and results were reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Sixteen intervention studies (11 adult, 5 children/adolescents) were randomized controlled trials, and 8 intervention studies (6 adult, 2 children/adolescents) were quasi-experimental designs. CONCLUSIONS: Studies varied greatly in their approaches to problem-solving use in patient education. To date, 36\% of adult problem-solving interventions and 42\% of children/adolescent problem-solving interventions have demonstrated significant improvement in HbA1c, while psychosocial outcomes have been more promising. The next phase of problem-solving intervention research should employ intervention characteristics found to have sufficient potency and intensity to reach therapeutic levels needed to demonstrate change. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Diabetes Res Clin Pract
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism