alexa Processing Effects on Carrot Phytonutrients
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Enzyme Engineering

Author(s): TJ Hager, LR Howard

Abstract Share this page

Plant components, primarily secondary
metabolites that have health-promoting proper-
ties are called phytonutrients. In vitro
studies
indicate phytonutrients may play a signi
fi
cant
role, in addition to vitamins, in protecting
biological systems from the effects of oxida-
tive stress (Kalt, 2005). Various molecular
processes, as well as environmental, dietary
and lifestyle factors can invoke the produc-
tion of a variety of reactive oxygen, nitrogen
and iron species that are responsible for the
irreparable damage to molecules, such as
DNA, lipids, and proteins. It is well accepted
that oxidative damage plays an important
role in the etiology of many chronic diseases
and the process of aging (Ames et al., 1993).
In addition to natural defense mechanisms,
diet may play an important role in disease
prevention through ingestion of antioxidant
compounds that reduce the oxidative threat
to the biological systems.
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This article was published in HortScience and referenced in Enzyme Engineering

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