Author(s): Leitlein J, Aulwurm S, Waltereit R, Naumann U, Wagenknecht B,
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Abstract TGF-beta is a putative mediator of immunosuppression associated with malignant glioma and other types of cancer. Subtilisin-like proprotein convertases such as furin are thought to mediate TGF-beta processing. Here we report that human malignant glioma cell lines express furin mRNA and protein, exhibit furin-like protease (FLP) activity, and release active furin into the cell culture supernatant. FLP activity is not modulated by exogenous TGF-beta or neutralizing TGF-beta Abs. Exposure of LN-18 and T98G glioma cell lines to the furin inhibitor, decanoyl-Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethylketone, inhibits processing of the TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 precursor molecules and, consequently, the release of mature bioactive TGF-beta molecules. Ectopic expression of PDX, a synthetic antitrypsin analog with antifurin activity, in the glioma cells inhibits FLP activity, TGF-beta processing, and TGF-beta release. Thus, subtilisin-like proprotein convertases may represent a novel target for the immunotherapy of malignant glioma and other cancers or pathological conditions characterized by enhanced TGF-beta bioactivity.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology