Author(s): Kaur G, Kumar S, Satyanarayana T
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Abstract The production of polygalacturonase (PGase) by Sporotrichum thermophile Apinis in stirred submerged fermentation (SmF) was high in comparison with that in static conditions. Yeast extract (0.25\%) and citrus pectin (2\%) at pH 7.0 and 45 degrees C supported a high enzyme production in flasks agitated at 200 rpm. An overall 1.75-fold enhancement in PGase production was achieved as a result of optimization. The enzyme was optimally active at pH 7.0 and 55 degrees C, and exhibited t(1/2) of 4 h at 65 degrees C. The Km and Vmax values of the enzyme (for pectin) were 0.416 mg ml(-1) and 0.52 micromol mg(-1)min(-1), respectively. The PGase activity was stimulated by Mn(2+) and Fe(2+), but inhibited strongly by Mg(2+), and slightly by Tween 80 and Triton X-100. Among the additives tested, beta-mercaptoethanol exerted a strong inhibitory effect, suggesting a critical role of disulphide linkages in maintaining a suitable conformation of the enzyme. An increase in the yield of banana, grape and apple juices was recorded due to the treatment of fruit pulps with the mixture of enzymes (pectinase, xylanases and cellulase) of S. thermophile as compared to that with only pectinase. The yield of fruit juices did not increase with enhanced titre of cellulase in the enzyme mixture.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation