Author(s): Barabas AZ, Cole CD, Barabas AD, Lafreniere R, Barabas AZ, Cole CD, Barabas AD, Lafreniere R
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Abstract A slowly progressive autoimmune kidney disease was induced in Sprague Dawley rats by subcutaneous injection of a chemically modified kidney antigen (rKF3), incorporated into Alum and Distemper complex vaccine, followed by subcutaneous injections of an aqueous preparation of the same antigen. Pathogenic autoantibodies developed, which reacted with fixed glomerular nephritogenic antigen. Subsequently, immunopathological events lead to chronic progressive immune complex glomerulonephritis and proteinuria. The slowly developing disease was morphologically and functionally similar to Heymann nephritis (HN). The damage observed in the kidneys of experimental animals at 8 weeks and at the end of the experiment was examined by direct fluorescent antibody test, histology and electron microscopy. The changes were similar to the typical lesions found in HN rat kidneys, but less severe. Animals became proteinuric from 17 weeks onward (instead of the usual 4-8 weeks). By the end of the experiment, at 8 months, 100\% of the rats were proteinuric. This new experimental model of autoimmune kidney disease, which is not complicated by intraperitoneal deposition and retention of Freund's complete adjuvant and renal tubular antigens, allowed us to investigate the pathogenesis of the disease processes from a different aspect, and promises to be a useful and improved model for the investigation of future treatment options.
This article was published in Int J Exp Pathol
and referenced in Immunome Research