Author(s): Li FQ, Toyazaki N, Yoshizawa T
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Abstract The production of Alternaria mycotoxins by Alternaria alternata isolated from Chinese weathered wheat kernels were first investigated on polished rice and durum wheat grains. These mycotoxins included alternariol (AOH) and its monomethyl ether (AME), altenuene (ALT), altertoxin I (ATX-I), and tenuazonic acid (TA). Of 25 isolates tested, all were AOH and AME producers, 21 (84\%) coproduced ALT and ATX-I, and 8 (32\%) produced TA in rice culture. TA was the most abundant toxin produced at a level ranging from 1,369 to 3,563 mg/kg. Much smaller amounts of AOH, AME, ALT, and ATX-I were present with average concentrations of 54, 40, 44, and 8 mg/kg, respectively. There were linear correlations between the level of AOH and AME (r = 0.846), alternariols (AOH plus AME) and ALT (r = 0.785), and ATX-I and TA (r = 0.553). Polished rice medium seems to support a bit more production of Alternaria metabolites than wheat but with an insignificant difference in concentrations (P > 0.05). A study of the time-course of toxin production by A. alternata isolates indicated that AOH production began faster than any other toxins monitored, and ALT production exhibited a progressive increase throughout the experiment. TA producers might reveal their considerably higher ability to produce toxin in the field despite their low frequency.
This article was published in J Food Prot
and referenced in Fungal Genomics & Biology