Author(s): Webb RP, Smith TJ, Wright P, Brown J, Smith LA
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Abstract A recombinant, catalytically inactive Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin A1 holoprotein (ciBoNT/A1 HP) was constructed by introducing amino acid substitutions H223A, E224A, and H227A in the active site to ablate proteolytic activity. ciBoNT/A1 HP was produced in the yeast Pichia pastoris and the purified product was evaluated as a vaccine candidate by comparison against recombinant BoNT/A1 LC, LC-belt, LC-H(n), and H(c) antigens and a LC-H(n)+H(c) combination in mouse potency and efficacy bioassays when challenged with BoNT/A subtypes /A1, /A2, and /A3. A single dose of ciBoNT/A1 HP provided equivalent or greater protective immunity, not only against the homologous toxin, but also against two distinct toxin subtypes with significant amino acid divergence. Only the LC-H(n)+H(c) combination provided comparable protection against /A1; however, it was less effective against subtypes /A2 and /A3. Differences in protective immunity diminished after multiple vaccinations with either ciBoNT/A1 HP or BoNT/A1 H(c), and the survival rates were more comparable at the toxin levels used to challenge.
This article was published in Vaccine
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense