alexa Production of hemopoietic colony-stimulating factors by astrocytes.


Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Malipiero UV, Frei K, Fontana A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Astrocytes may play a central role in regulation of immune mediated processes in the central nervous system. By their inducible expression of MHC class II Ag and secretion of cytokines they may propagate expansion and activation of T and B lymphocytes invading the brain tissue. Here we report that astrocytes may also contribute to the macrophage response observed in inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the brain. Murine astrocytes secrete granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) as evidenced by induction of colony formation in bone marrow cells and growth of FDC-P1 cells. Both effects are neutralized with anti-GM-CSF- but not with anti-IL-3-antibodies. Some residual activity detected in the bone marrow assay after antibody treatment can be explained by concomitant production of granulocyte CSF (G-CSF). The mRNA of both G- and GM-CSF are identified by Northern blots in astrocytes. Furthermore, mRNA for IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are detected in comparable amounts in astrocytes and brain macrophages, the latter, however, comprising much more potent sources of TNF-alpha.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version