Author(s): Choi SY, Ryu DD, Rhee JS
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Abstract Microbial lipids produced by Rhodotorula gracilis NRRL Y-1091 grown in continuous culture under nitrogen-limiting condition were evaluated and the effects of growth rate and oxygen concentration on the degree of unsaturatoin of fatty acids studied. As the growth rate increased the protein content of the biomass increased but cell biomass, lipid content, and lipid productivity decreased; the specific lipid production rate remained constant at about 0.012 g lipid/g dry biomass/h. The maximum lipid content recorded was 49.8\% (w/w) of the cell mass at a growth rate of 0.02 h(-1). The growth rate also affected fatty acid composition; polyunsaturated fatty acids (C18:2 and C18:3) increaded with growth rate while other fatty acids (C16:0, C18:0, C18:1) decreased. Increase in oxygen concentration between 5 and 234muM increased the lipid content without significantly affecting its degree of unsaturation. On the other hand, the degree of unsaturation was significantly affected by specific oxygen uptake rate for this obligate aerobe, Rh. gracilis.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology