Author(s): DantnGonzlez E, ViteVallejo O, MartnezAnaya C, MndezSnchez M, Gonzlez MC,
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Abstract A thermotolerant and halotolerant strain of Pycnoporus sanguineus was isolated from an oil-polluted site in a tropical area located in Veracruz, Mexico. This strain was able to grow at 47 degrees C and in culture medium containing 500 mM NaCl. The strain was also tolerant to the presence of 30,000 ppm of crude Maya oil. A 68-kDa protein purified from submerged cultures exhibited laccase activity towards 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), guaiacol, syringaldazine, and o-dianisidine, for which it presented the highest affinity (Km = 43 microM). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis showed that, unusual for laccases, the enzyme has two active isoforms, with isoelectric points of 7.00 and 7.08. The purified enzyme showed high thermostability, retaining 40\% of its original activity after 3 h at 60 degrees C. This property seems to correlate with a long "shelf-life," given that at 40 degrees C enzyme activity was only gradually lost over a 5-day period incubation. Both the fungus and its laccase are likely to have high potential for biotechnological applications.
This article was published in Int Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Nursing & Care