alexa Prognostic factors in T1 bladder urothelial carcinoma: the value of recording millimetric depth of invasion, diameter of invasive carcinoma, and muscularis mucosa invasion.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Author(s): Brimo F, Wu C, Zeizafoun N, Tanguay S, Aprikian A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract pT1 bladder urothelial carcinomas represent a heterogeneous group of tumors with different biologic behaviors, and identifying the subset of tumors that carries a high risk of disease recurrence and progression is therefore important. We evaluated the prognostic significance of substaging 86 cases of pT1 bladder urothelial carcinoma based on different pathologic parameters. The mean tumor depth was 1.1 mm, and the mean diameter of the invasive focus was 2.2 mm. The mean number of tissue fragments with invasion was 4.4. Lymphovascular invasion and concomitant carcinoma in situ were present in 13\% and 45\% of cases, respectively. Although 56\% of patients recurred, 18\% experienced disease progression. Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between muscularis mucosa invasion (P = .007), depth of invasion (P = .0001), diameter of invasive focus (P = .014), and progression. Furthermore, depth of invasion more than 3 mm was significantly associated with progression of disease, achieving a sensitivity of 31\%, specificity of 99\%, and predictive value of 79\%. In comparison, the cutoff values for the diameter of invasive carcinoma that correlated best with outcome was 6 mm for progression. Lastly, combining both variables showed a strong prognostic accuracy where it predicted 94\% of recurrences. Importantly, all cases with depth of invasion more than 3 mm and diameter more than 6 mm progressed. Lymphovascular invasion or concomitant carcinoma in situ did not correlate with outcome. From the current data, we do recommend reporting muscularis mucosa invasion whenever possible. Alternatively, tumor depth and tumor diameter should be included in the final pathology report in individual cases in which muscularis mucosa invasion cannot be assessed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Hum Pathol and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords