alexa Prognostic indicators of unilateral vocal fold paralysis.


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Wang CC, Chang MH, Wang CP, Liu SA

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible prognostic indicators of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) and survey the timing and values of preset laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) rules for UVFP. DESIGN: Cohort study with retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Voice clinic of a tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Complete data for 45 patients diagnosed with idiopathic or iatrogenic UVFP. The LEMG was performed between 3 weeks and 6 months from the onset of symptoms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: At least 6 months after symptom onset and 3 months after LEMG. RESULTS: Thirteen subjects showed resolved vocal fold motion (29\%), and 32 had persistent vocal fold paralysis (71\%). According to the LEMG decision rules proposed by Munin et al in 2003, the predictive values for positive results, negative results, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of LEMG were 78.9\%, 71.4\%, 93.8\%, 38.5\%, and 77.8\%, respectively. We found the false-positive rate to be as high as 50\% if LEMG was performed less than 2 months after symptom onset, and only 7.7\% if LEMG was performed at least 2 months after symptom onset. After excluding 14 LEMG data recorded at less than 2 months, the predictive values for positive results, negative results, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of LEMG were 92.3\%, 60\%, 92.3\%, 60.0\%, and 87.1\%, respectively. The predictive values of positive results and accuracy significantly improved without compromising sensitivity. CONCLUSION: This study confirms that LEMG is a clinically useful tool that can offer prognostic information for UVFP especially if it is done at least 2 months after symptom onset. This article was published in Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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