Author(s): Hayashi M, Matsui O, Ueda K, Kawamori Y, Gabata T
PURPOSE: To analyze the correlation between intranodular blood supply of borderline lesions (ie, dysplastic nodules or hypovascular well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] nodules) and their progression to hypervascular classic HCC in cirrhotic livers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-six borderline lesions seen at computed tomography (CT) during arterial portography (CTAP) and CT during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) were evaluated in 49 patients with cirrhosis who underwent repeated CTAP and/or CTHA but no therapy. On the basis of CTAP findings, nodules were categorized as group A (showing almost the same portal venous supply as the surrounding liver), group B (showing decreased portal venous supply) or group C (showing partially absent portal venous supply); on the basis of CTHA findings, nodules were categorized as group I (showing almost the same arterial supply as the liver), group II (showing decreased arterial supply), or group III (showing partially increased arterial supply).
RESULTS: Progression to classic HCC was observed in 29.4% of group A nodules, 53.9% of group B nodules, and 87.9% of group C nodules within 1,000 days; in 58.6% of group I nodules, 12.9% of group II nodules, and 92.2% of group III nodules within 730 days; and in 0% of nodules in group A and I, 28% of nodules in group B and/or II, and 88.7% of nodules in group C and/or III within 730 days.
CONCLUSION: Evaluation of intranodular blood supply was valuable in predicting the prognosis in borderline lesions, except when only arterial blood supply was evaluated.Journal of Liver