alexa ProGRP: a new biomarker for small cell lung cancer.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Molina R, Filella X, Aug JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Progastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) is a recently identified biomarker of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), a disorder of neuroendocrine tissue differentiation. The upper normal limit of ProGRP in the circulation is 50 pg/ml. Impaired glomerular filtration tends to increase circulating levels and confound the tumor marker significance of modestly elevated values. Excluding patients with renal failure, circulating levels did not exceed 80 pg/ml in benign disease (3\% of cases in excess of the upper normal limit) or 120 pg/ml in malignancy other than lung cancer and neuroendocrine tumors (5\% of cases in excess of the upper limit). ProGRP serum levels are clearly related to the lung cancer histological type with significantly higher levels observed in SCLC than in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Circulating ProGRP in excess of 120 mg/ml was found in only 4\% of cases of NSCLC with another 22\% presenting with modestly elevated levels in excess of the upper normal limit. By contrast, abnormal ProGRP results are found in 60-70\% and in 75-90\% of SCLC patients with local and extensive disease, respectively. ProGRP is a more sensitive biomarker than is neuron-specific enolase (NSE) for SCLC, but thus far has not been found in multivariate analysis to have independent prognostic significance. Preliminary studies suggest ProGRP will have utility in conjunction with NSE in monitoring the therapy of established SCLC. This article was published in Clin Biochem and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords