Author(s): Melkersson KI, Melkersson KI, Melkersson KI, Melkersson KI
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Treatment with the antipsychotic risperidone is frequently associated with hyperprolactinemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the main compound risperidone and its active 9-hydroxy metabolite on elevating prolactin levels. METHODS: Twenty patients with psychotic disorders, on therapy with risperidone, were studied. All patients had been receiving risperidone for at least 2.5 months, and the median daily dose of risperidone was 3 mg (range 1-10). Morning serum samples for prolactin were analyzed and investigated in relation to the serum concentrations of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone. RESULTS: Elevated prolactin levels were found in 17 (85\%) of the patients. Levels of prolactin were positively correlated to the 9-hydroxyrisperidone serum concentration (r(s) = 0.48, p = 0.03) and to the daily dose of risperidone (r(s) = 0.51, p = 0.03), but did not correlate to the risperidone serum concentration. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that 9-hydroxyrisperidone and not risperidone is the main contributor to the increased serum levels of prolactin observed in many risperidone-treated patients.
This article was published in Hum Psychopharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery