Author(s): Hsu YL, Kuo PL, Lin CC
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Abstract Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpene compound isolated from many types of medicinal plants and is present in human diet. It has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological properties, and is one of the most promising chemopreventive agents for cancer. Here, we report that UA inhibits the cell proliferation of human lung cancer cell line A549 and provide a molecular understanding of this effect. The results showed that UA blocked cell cycle progression in the G1 phase that was associated with a marked decrease in the protein expression of cyclin D1, D2, and E and their activating partner cdk2, 4, and 6 with concomitant induction of p21/WAF1. This accumulation of p21/WAF1 might be through a p53-dependent manner. Further, UA treatment also resulted in the triggering of apoptosis as determined by DNA fragmentation assay. This effect was found to correlate with the up-regulation of Fas/APO-1, Fas ligand, and Bax, and down-regulation of NF-kappaB, Bcl-2, and Bcl-XL. Taken together, our study indicated that UA might be a potential chemopreventive agent for lung cancer.
This article was published in Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy