Author(s): FridkisHareli M, Strominger JL, FridkisHareli M, Strominger JL
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Abstract Copolymer 1 (Cop 1) is a random synthetic amino acid copolymer of L-alanine, L-glutamic acid, L-lysine, and L-tyrosine, effective both in suppression of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis and in the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Cop 1 binds promiscuously and very efficiently to living APCs of various HLA haplotypes. In the present study, a substantial part of the whole mixture of random polypeptides that compose Cop 1 was shown to bind to purified human HLA-DR1, DR2, and DR4 with high affinity in a temperature- and time (and, in the case of DR4, pH)-dependent manner, and was competitively inhibited by DR-restricted peptides, but not by peptide derivatives that bind with low affinity. Bacterial superantigens inhibited Cop 1 binding only at very high concentrations. The formation of the Cop 1-DR1 complex was also shown by SDS-PAGE. These findings represent the first direct evidence for interactions of Cop 1 with purified DR molecules, and suggest that its effectiveness in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis may be directly related to its binding in the groove of HLA-DR proteins.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Neuroscience and Neuropharmacology