alexa Pro-oxidative diesel exhaust particle chemicals inhibit LPS-induced dendritic cell responses involved in T-helper differentiation.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Chan RC, Wang M, Li N, Yanagawa Y, Ono K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies show that exposure to ambient particulate matter leads to asthma exacerbation. Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs), a model pollutant, act as an adjuvant for allergic sensitization. Increasing evidence shows that this effect could be mediated by an effect on dendritic cells (DCs). OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to elucidate the mechanism by which pro-oxidative DEP chemicals change DC function so that these antigen-presenting cells strengthen the immune response to an experimental allergen. METHODS: We exposed murine bone marrow-derived DCs and a homogeneous myeloid DC line, BC1, to DEPs and organic extracts made from these particles to determine how the induction of oxidative stress affects cellular maturation, cytokine production, and activation of antigen-specific T cells. RESULTS: DEP extracts induced oxidative stress in DCs. This change in redox equilibrium interfered in the ability of Toll-like receptor agonists to induce the expression of maturation receptors (eg, CD86, CD54, and I-A(d)) and IL-12 production. This perturbation of DC function was accompanied by decreased IFN-gamma and increased IL-10 induction in antigen-specific T cells. The molecular basis for the perturbation of DC function is the activation of a nuclear factor-erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2-mediated signaling pathway that suppresses IL-12 production. NF-E2-related factor 2 deficiency abrogates the perturbation of DC function by DEPs. CONCLUSION: These data provide the first report that pro-oxidative DEP chemicals can interfere in T(H)1-promoting response pathways in a homogeneous DC population and provide a novel explanation for the adjuvant effect of DEPs on allergic inflammation. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: These data clarify the adjuvant effect of particulate air pollutants in allergic inflammatory disease. This article was published in J Allergy Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords