Author(s): Rowbury RJ, Humphrey TJ, Goodson M
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Escherichia coli became more acid tolerant following incubation for 60 min in a medium containing L-glutamate at pH 7.0, 7.5 or 8.5. Several agents, including cAMP, NaCl, sucrose, SDS and DOC, prevented tolerance appearing if present with L-glutamate. Lesions in cysB, hns, fur, himA and relA, which frequently affect pH responses, failed to prevent L-glutamate-induced acid tolerance but a lesion in L-glutamate decarboxylase abolished the response. Induction of acid tolerance by L-glutamate was associated with the accumulation in the growth medium of a protein (or proteins) which was able to convert pH 7.0-grown cultures to acid tolerance, and the original L-glutamate-induced tolerance response was dependent on this component(s). Acid tolerance was also induced by L-aspartate at pH 7.0 and induction of such tolerance was dependent on an extracellular protein (or proteins). The L-glutamate and L-aspartate acid tolerance induction processes are further examples of a number of stress tolerance responses which differ from most inductions in that extracellular components, including extracellular sensors, are required.
This article was published in J Appl Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics