Author(s): Zosim Z, Gutnick D, Rosenberg E
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Abstract Emulsan is a polymeric extracellular emulsifying agent produced by Acinetobacter RAG-1. Hydrocarbon-in-water emulsions (V(f) of hydrocarbon of 0.01-0.10) were stabilized by small quantities of emulsan (0.02-0.2 mg/mL). Although both aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon emulsions were stabilized by emulsan, mixtures containing both aliphatics and aromatics were better substrates for emulsan than the individual hydrocarbon by themselves. The emulsan remained tightly bound to the hydrocarbon even after centrifugation as determined by (a) residual emulsan in the aqueous phase and (b) the fact that the resulting "cream" readily dispersed in water to reform stable emulsions. With hexadecane-to-emulsan weight ratio of 39 and 155, the noncoalescing oil droplets had average droplet diameters of 2.0 and 4.0 microm, respectively. Dialysis studies showed that the water-soluble dye Rhodamine B adsorbed tightly to the interface of hexadecane-emulsan droplets although the dye did not bind to either hexadecane or emulsan alone. At saturating concentrations of dye, 2.2 micromol of dye were bound per mg emulsan.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology