alexa Properties of quercetin conjugates: modulation of LDL oxidation and binding to human serum albumin.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Janisch KM, Williamson G, Needs P, Plumb GW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Quercetin is an important dietary flavonoid with in vitro antioxidant activity. However, it is found in human plasma as conjugates with glucuronic acid, sulfate or methyl groups, with no significant amounts of free quercetin present. The antioxidant properties of the conjugates found in vivo and their binding to serum albumin are unknown, but essential for understanding possible actions of quercetin in vivo. We, therefore, tested the most abundant human plasma quercetin conjugates, quercetin-3-glucuronide, quercetin-3'-sulfate and isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide, for their ability to inhibit Cu(II)-induced oxidation of human low density lipoprotein and to bind to human albumin, in comparison to free flavonoids and other quercetin conjugates. LDL oxidation lag time was increased by up to four times by low (<2 microM) concentrations of quercetin-3-glucuronide, but was unaffected by equivalent concentrations of quercetin-3'-sulfate and isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide. In general, the compounds under study prolonged the lag time of copper-induced LDL oxidation in the order: quercetin-7-glucuronide > quercetin > quercetin-3-glucuronide = quercetin-3-glucoside > catechin > quercetin-4'-glucuronide > isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide > quercetin-3'-sulfate. Thus the proposed products of small intestine metabolism (quercetin-7-glucuronide, quercetin-3-glucuronide) are more efficient antioxidants than subsequent liver metabolites (isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide, quercetin-3'-sulfate). Albumin-bound conjugates retained their property of protecting LDL from oxidation, although the order of efficacy was altered (quercetin-3'-sulfate > quercetin-7-glucuronide > quercetin-3-glucuronide > quercetin-4'-glucuronide = isorahmnetin-3-glucuronide). Kq values (concentration required to achieve 50\% quenching) for albumin binding, as assessed by fluorescence quenching of Trp214, were as follows: quercetin-3'-sulfate (approximately 4 microM)= quercetin > or = quercetin-7-glucuronide > quercetin-3-glucuronide = quercetin-3-glucoside > isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide > quercetin-4'-glucuronide (approximately 20 microM). The data show that flavonoid intestinal and hepatic metabolism have profound effects on ability to inhibit LDL oxidation and a lesser but significant effect on binding to serum albumin.
This article was published in Free Radic Res and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords