alexa Prophylactic effects of systemic oral ephedrine in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Eroglu F, Yavuz L, Ceylan BG, Sevin G, Soyupek S

Abstract Share this page

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prophylactic effects of systemic oral ephedrine in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade II and III patients scheduled for spinal anesthesia were randomized into one of two groups. Patients in Group I (n = 30) received oral ephedrine 50 mg in addition to premedication whilst those in Group II (n = 30) received only premedication 30 min before spinal anesthesia. Pre-infusion values were measured in order to obtain baseline readings after oral ephedrine administration in Group I and after premedication in Group II. Systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before and after infusion, during and 5 min after spinal anesthesia and intraoperatively. Hypotension was defined as SAP <100 mmHg and <20\% of baseline value. Hypotension was treated with 3 mg ephedrine and bradycardia was corrected with atropine 0.5 mg, given as an i.v. bolus.

RESULTS: SAP values were significantly lower in Group II during the spinal anesthesia, post-spinal and intraoperative periods (p < 0.0001). Fifteen patients received ephedrine in Group II and seven in Group I. Supplemental ephedrine was used at doses of 3.42 +/- 0.97 mg in Group I and 8.86 +/- 1.24 mg in Group II. The incidence of hypotension was halved in Group I compared to Group II (23.33\% vs 50\%, p = 0.003). Six patients received atropine in Group II because of severe bradycardia. Mean HR values were lower in Group II than Group I during the spinal anesthesia, post-spinal and intraoperative periods.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that a prophylactic oral dose of ephedrine 50 mg is effective for minimizing and managing spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.

This article was published in Scand J Urol Nephrol and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords