alexa Prophylaxis and treatment with a monoclonal antibody of tetrodotoxin poisoning in mice
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Victor R Rivera, Mark A Poli, Gary S Bignami

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The ability of a tetrodotoxin (TTX)-specific monoclonal antibody to confer passive protection against lethal TTX challenge was investigated. The monoclonal antibody, T20G10, has an estimated affinity for TTX of approximately 10−9 M and is about 50-fold less reactive with anhydrotetrodotoxin and unreactive with tetrodonic acid by competitive immunoassay. T20G10 specifically inhibited TTX binding in an in vitro radioligand receptor binding assay, but had no effect on the binding of saxitoxin to the sodium channel on rat brain membranes. In prophylaxis studies, mice were administered T20G10 via the tail vein 30 min prior to i.p. TTX challenge (10 μg/kg). Under these conditions, 100 μg T20G10 protected 66 mice, whereas 36 mice were protected with 50 μg T20G10. Non-specific control monoclonal antibody did not protect against lethality. Therapy studies simulating oral intoxication were performed with mice given a lethal dose of TTX by gavage in a suspension of non-fat dry milk in phosphate-buffered saline. Death occurred within 25–35 min in 6/6 mice not treated with T20G10. However, 500 μg T20G10 administered via the tail vein 10–15 min after oral TTX exposure prevented death in 66 mice. Lower doses of mAb conferred less protection.

This article was published in Toxicon and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

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