alexa Pro-resolving lipid mediators are leads for resolution physiology.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Food Processing & Technology

Author(s): Serhan CN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that bring about the resolution of acute inflammation have uncovered a new genus of pro-resolving lipid mediators that include the lipoxin, resolvin, protectin and maresin families, collectively called specialized pro-resolving mediators. Synthetic versions of these mediators have potent bioactions when administered in vivo. In animal experiments, the mediators evoke anti-inflammatory and novel pro-resolving mechanisms, and enhance microbial clearance. Although they have been identified in inflammation resolution, specialized pro-resolving mediators are conserved structures that also function in host defence, pain, organ protection and tissue remodelling. This Review covers the mechanisms of specialized pro-resolving mediators and omega-3 essential fatty acid pathways that could help us to understand their physiological functions.
This article was published in Nature and referenced in Journal of Food Processing & Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Laurence Macia
    Gut microbiota, bacterial metabolites and metabolite sensing GPCRs protect against food allergy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Muhamed Fakhri Omer
    Cathodoluminescence petrography for provenance studies of the sandstones of Ora Formation (Devonian-Carboniferous), Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Northern Iraq
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Mustafa M Hariri
    Importance of methods’ selection in the geosciences studies and exploration
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Afsar Rahbar
    Studies of the importance of Cytomegalovirus infection in breast cancer
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jim Polarine
    Case studies of human fl ora and spore contamination in clean rooms
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Gulay Yelken Demirel
    Challenges in parenteral formulation development studies and an evaluation from QbD point of view
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jianfeng Hong
    Extractable and leachable studies of parenteral infusion and transfusion products
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ming Yang
    Generation, characterization and application of monoclonal antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ann-Sofie Sandberg
    Designing plant foods for optimal iron and zinc bioavailability
    PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Arny L Blanchard
    Long-term environmental studies and stewardship in Alaska: A case study from Port Valdez
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Maha M Saber
    Honey as nutrient and functional food
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Soha M Hamdy
    Biochemical studies on the effect of turmeric on breast cancer of rats
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Adel Nefzi
    “Adel Nefzi-Torrey-Pines-Institute-for-Molecular-Studies-USA-Diversity-Oriented-Synthesis-of-low-Molecular-Weight-Acyclic-and-Heterocyclic-Compounds-from-Resin-bound-Polyamides-Application-for-Drug-Discovery”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Dalia Hussein Soliman
    “Dalia Hussein Soliman-Al-Azhar-University-Egypt-Design-synthesis-docking-and-QSAR-studies-of-novel-3-5-diaryl-pyrazole-derivatives-and-their-evaluation-as-antioxidants-and-as-Immunomodulators-inhibitors-of-TNF-α-IL-2-IL-6”
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version