Author(s): Martins de Sa C, Grossi de Sa MF, Akhayat O, Broders F, Scherrer K,
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Abstract The "prosomes", a novel type of ubiquitous ribonucleoprotein particle of extraordinary stability and of defined electron microscopical structure, have been characterized in several cell types and species. Identified as a 19 S sub-component of free mRNA-protein complexes, including globin and other repressed mRNA, in the cytoplasm of duck, mouse and HeLa cells, they were previously found to inhibit protein synthesis in vitro. In all cells studied, electron microscopy shows an identical, seemingly ring-like but rather raspberry-shaped particle of 12 nm diameter, resistant to EDTA and 1\% (w/v) Sarkosyl. Two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis of prosomal proteins shows a characteristic pattern in the 19,000 to 35,000 Mr range of pI 4 to 7, with an additional 56,000 Mr component specific to avian species. The prosomes found in globin mRNA-protein complexes contain about 25 protein components, 16 of which have identical molecular weight and pI values in duck and mouse, and which are also found in the prosomes of the heterogeneous free mRNPs of HeLa cells. Seral and monoclonal antibodies raised in mice against the prosomes of duck erythroblasts cross-react with some of the proteins of the mouse and HeLa cell particles. Prosomes isolated from duck and mouse globin mRNP, both contain small cytoplasmic RNAs of 70 to 90 nucleotides, which represent about 15\% of the particle mass. The molecular weight and the 3'-terminal oligonucleotide of each one of these small cytoplasmic RNAs are identical in the two animal species; fingerprints of their oligonucleotides generated by RNase T1 show that more than 80\% of spots are identical. In contrast, the prosomes of HeLa cells, associated with a large population of repressed mRNA, contain at least 12 small cytoplasmic RNA species. All prosomal RNAs tested so far hybridize to mRNA. The data available indicate that prosomes constitute a novel class of ubiquitous cellular ribonucleoprotein complexes, present in the nucleus and cytoplasm that, in its structural variations shown here, reflects function and species.
This article was published in J Mol Biol
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability