alexa Prospective assessment of short-term propylene glycol tolerance in neonates.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Allegaert K, Vanhaesebrouck S, Kulo A, Cosaert K, Verbesselt R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Propylene glycol (PG) is an unintentional frequently administered solvent in neonates despite the fact that PG accumulation potentially results in hyperosmolarity, lactic acidosis and renal/hepatic toxicity. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of renal (diuresis, creatinaemia, sodium), metabolic (base excess, anion gap, lactate, bicarbonate) and hepatic (alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, direct bilirubinaemia) tolerance to PG in (pre)term neonates following intravenous administration of formulations (paracetamol, phenobarbital, digoxin) that contain PG. Observations from 48 h before up to 48 after the last PG administration were described and compared (paired analysis). Clinical characteristics and observations collected following intravenous PG-paracetamol administration were compared with a historical cohort of neonates in whom similar (renal, hepatic) observations during exposure to a mannitol-containing paracetamol formulation were collected. RESULTS: 5566 observations were collected in 69 neonates before, during and following median PG exposure of 34 mg/kg/24 h (range 14-252). Progressive postnatal adaptation in renal, metabolic and hepatic function was documented, unrelated to the PG exposure. In the subgroup of 40 cases treated with intravenous PG-paracetamol, observations on renal and hepatic function were similar to a historical cohort of published observations following exposure to intravenous mannitol-paracetamol. CONCLUSIONS: Unintended PG administration (34 mg/kg/24 h) for a maximum of 48 h seems to be tolerated in (pre)term neonates and does not affect short-term postnatal adaptations. Further studies on PG disposition and the level of safe exposure to PG, including long-term safety data in neonates are needed. This article was published in Arch Dis Child and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords