Author(s): Bauer RM, Mayer ME, Gratzke C, Soljanik I, Buchner A,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Although surgical techniques for radical prostatectomy (RP) have been refined significantly, a significant number of patients still suffer from persisting postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In recent years, various minimally invasive sling systems have been investigated as treatment options for such incontinence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was the prospective evaluation of the efficacy of the retrourethral transobturator sling for the functional treatment of male SUI after RP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The study documents a single-centre prospective evaluation of the outcome of 124 patients with mild to severe SUI following RP in whom an AdVance sling was implanted between February 2006 and September 2008. MEASUREMENTS: All patients were comprehensively evaluated preoperatively and after 6 mo and 1 yr regarding daily pad use, 1-h and 24-h pad tests, residual urine, uroflowmetry, Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) score, and Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) score. Data were collected prospectively. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: After 6 mo, a cure rate (no pads or one dry security pad) of 55.8\%, an improved rate (one to two pads or pad reduction≥50\%) of 27.4\%, and a failure rate of 16.8\% were observed. After 1 yr, the cure rate was 51.4\%, the improved rate was 25.7\%, and the failure rate was 22.9\%. Daily pad use and pad weight decreased significantly postoperatively. No significant changes were seen in residual urine and flow rate. Quality-of-life scores improved significantly. Postoperative acute urinary retention was seen in 12.9\% of patients. One patient had a local wound infection that was cured with antibiotics. One patient had the sling removed due to misplacement. CONCLUSIONS: The retrourethral transobturator sling is an effective and attractive treatment option for male SUI resulting from RP after 1 yr of implantation.
This article was published in Eur Urol
and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology