alexa Prospective study of incidence of juvenile diabetes mellitus over 10 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Swai AB, Lutale JL, McLarty DG

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the annual incidence of diabetes requiring treatment with insulin in children and adolescents aged 0-19 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, during a 10 year period from 1 January 1982 to 31 December 1991. DESIGN: Prospective registration at a major urban hospital of all patients with newly diagnosed diabetes who were resident in Dar es Salaam. SETTING: Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. PATIENTS: 86 patients: 45 male, 41 female. RESULTS: The annual incidence of juvenile diabetes for both sexes was 1.5 per 100,000 population aged 0-19 years (95\% confidence interval 1.3 to 1.7). Incidence per 100,000 population per year increased with age: 0.6 (0.0 to 0.13) in the age group 0-4 years, 0.5 (0.3 to 0.7) at 5-9 years, 2.2 (1.8 to 2.6) at 10-14 years, and 3.4 (2.9 to 3.9) at 15-19 years. CONCLUSION: Juvenile diabetes mellitus is fairly rare in sub-Saharan Africa. If environmental factors such as infection and material deprivation were important determinants of insulin dependent diabetes in Africans, as they may be in Europeans, much higher rates would have been expected unless genetic factors possibly exert a protective role. The eightfold greater incidence in African Americans than in Tanzanians may be related to greater genetic admixture in African Americans with people from countries in Europe with a high incidence. PIP:
This article was published in BMJ and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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