alexa Prostaglandin E(2) is a selective inducer of interleukin-12 p40 (IL-12p40) production and an inhibitor of bioactive IL-12p70 heterodimer.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Kaliski P, Vieira PL, Schuitemaker JH, de Jong EC, Kapsenberg ML

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Abstract Interleukin-12 p70 (IL-12p70) heterodimer, composed of p35 and p40 subunits, is a major Th1-driving cytokine, promoting cell-mediated immunity. In contrast, IL-12p40 homodimer, secreted by APC in the absence of p35 expression, and free p40 monomer do not mediate IL-12 activity but act as IL-12 antagonists. Here it is reported that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), an inflammatory mediator with a previously known Th2-driving function, dose-dependently enhances the IL-12p40 mRNA expression and the secretion of IL-12p40 protein in human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-stimulated immature dendritic cells (DCs). This effect is selective and is not accompanied by the induction of IL-12p35 expression or by secretion of IL-12p70 heterodimer. Inability of TNFalpha/PGE(2) to induce IL-12p70 was not compensated by interferon gamma (IFNgamma), which strongly enhanced the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-12p70 production. In addition to the selective induction of IL-12p40 in TNFalpha-stimulated DCs, PGE(2) inhibited the production of IL-12p70 and IL-12p40 in DCs stimulated with LPS or CD40 ligand. These data suggest an additional level of the Th2-promoting activity of PGE(2), via selective induction of IL-12p40. Selective induction of IL-12p40 and suppression of bioactive IL-12p70 may have negative impact on anticancer vaccination with PGE(2)-matured DCs. (Blood. 2001;97:3466-3469)
This article was published in Blood and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

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